A Short History of The Revivalist Movement In Islam (part 2)

Book Review Part two

By : Khairul Umam

Second chapter in the book “ A Short History of The Revivalist Movement In Islam”, is about The nature of Islamic revival. This chapter have six sub-chapter which are collecting in eight pages.

In this chapter, the author try to identified the meaning of revival (tajdid), and make difference understanding with innovation. Also, the author write qualifications of the ideal Mujaddid. But before he clarified qualifications of the good Mujaddid, firstly he try to make clearly the meaning of Mujaddid itself. Then, he also write some aspects of Islamic revival.

The interesting point for me as a reader, when the author write in this chapter about Al-Imam-ul-Mehdi. Because before I read this book, I only hear that’s name with his (Al-Mehdi) characteristics from my teacher.

So, we as a reader should be minimally have three questions when we get the contents and before we read more the second chapter from this Maududi’s book. Those questions are : what is differences between Innovation and Revival?, Who is a Mujaddid ?, and Who is Al-Imam-ul-Mehdi?

Innovation and Revival

Simply, the author write the difference definition between the Innovator and Mujaddid.

Innovators are : the People who prepare a new relation or admixture of Islam and un-Islam by striking compromises with un-Godly powers of the day.

Mujaddid : the people who un-compromising person with regard to un-islam, and one least tolerant as to presence of even tinge of un-Islam in the Islamic system.

Who Is Mujaddid ?

According to the sub-chapter before, the author make some features of mujaddid Such as: Clear mind, Penetrating vision, Unbiased straight thinking special ability to see the right path clear of all extremes and keep balance, have power to think independently, have brave to against the evils, have capability to lead and guide and unsual competency to undertake Ijtihad and the work of reconstruction. Beside these, he also must a perfect muslim and have good attitude.

But the problem is, as I know is only prophet who have these features of mujaddid. So, is it possible to someone who is not the prophet become a mujaddid? And what differences between prophet and mujaddid?

A Mujaddid and a Prophet

In fact there are some distinguishes between a mujaddid and the prophet :

Prophet : he is fully aware of his appointment, receives revelation, Start with a claim, invite people to himself.

On the contrast, mujaddid is : he doesn’t hold any of these positions, without appointed, he may not divinely inspired, not start with a claim and he starts his work all the good-natured people.

Aspect Of Islamic Revival

Following are the various aspects of the programme of Islamic revival (Tajdid) :

  1. Diagnosis of the current ailments;
  2. Scheme for reformation ;
  3. Estimation of one’s limitations resources;
  4. Intellectual revolution ;
  5. Practical reforms;
  6. Ijtihad;
  7. Defence of Islam;
  8. Revival of Islamic System;
  9. Universal revolution.

The Ideal Mujaddid

The author have argue the ideal mujaddid is like the holy prophet and other prophet who have foretold their communities that’s before the worldly life of the human race comes to an end, islam will emerge as world-religion, and disappointed and woe-stricken man after testing all the “isms” of his own making will be constrained to take refuge in the “ism” of Allah, and that this will become through the efforts a great leader like prophet or mujaddid.

Al-Imam-ul-Mehdi

Some muslims believe Al-Imam-ul-Mehdi will be old-fashioned man with the out-dated mystic appearance, who will suddenly emerge, one day, rosary in hand, from some monastery and will forthwith proclaim himself be the Mehdi.

But the author believe,

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